Cavers apprentices in Scotland, 1762-1800

I’ve recently been studying the new database of apprentice indenture duties available on Ancestry.co.uk. This is based on records held in The National Archives at Kew in Surrey, and includes the names of many masters, apprentices and details of the trades they were pursuing, across the UK, between 1710 and 1811. By studying the original document images I’ve already extracted the details of apprentices in Melrose parish in Roxburghshire, 201 pairs of master-apprentice names between 1734 and 1804, and I will be doing a similar extraction for Coldingham parish in Berwickshire, my other one-place study.

However it’s also possible to search for apprentices or masters with the surname Cavers. There are very few, just three.

The earliest recorded is Robert Cavers at Lauder in Berwickshire in 1762, who was apprenticed to shoemaker Robert Romanus. This may be Robert Cavers who married Mary Tweedup at Lauder in 1784 and had descendants. There was certainly a Cavers cluster at Lauder around then, though I don’t know where they came from originally.

Then in 1793 there was a payment for James Cavers who was apprenticed to John Lydon junior taylor at Denholm, in Cavers parish. It’s difficult to be sure about this, but from the date, and the likely age at which he would have been apprenticed it’s possible that this was the son christened in 1780 at Cavers parish to father Robert Cavers. If so that would match up with James Cavers (1780-1866) husband of Margaret Blackburn who emigrated to Ormstown in Quebec, was a farmer there, and had many descendants.

I’m most confident about the third Cavers apprentice. This was Charles Cavers whose apprenticeship dues to Adam Hart weaver in Lockieshedge in Wilton parish were paid in 1800. This has to be Charles Cavers (ca1784-1864) son of Thomas Cavers and Janet Scott who had other children christened in the Wilton/Hawick area. Charles was known to be a weaver, and also a soldier, married at Wilton in 1805, and later settled in Lilliesleaf.

I had hoped to find a reference in the records to William Cavers the gunsmith in London, which might have helped me identify his origins more. It’s possible he was apprenticed, but his name could have been misrecorded or mistranscribed. As it is there are only these three Cavers apprentices that I can confidently identify as part of the one-name study.

Registered voters in Canada, 1935

Ancestry have recently released images and indexes for lists of registered voters for federal elections in Canada between 1935 and 1980. Voters were men and women aged 21 and over, and include a good number of Cavers people.

I have only checked the voters list for 1935, and would recommend that descendants check the later years for their own ancestors. Meanwhile here are my findings from 1935.

I found 116 Cavers voters in 1935. Note there may be some missing from the list: I was largely relying on OCR-generated indexes, and sometimes the OCR quality wasn’t great.

It’s interesting to compare the 1935 distribution against the 1881 census analysed in the last post. Again Ontario residents dominate the list, with 54% of the voters found living in that province. Smaller numbers of voters are found in other provinces, again Quebec and Manitoba, but now other places like British Columbia, Saskatchewan and Alberta.

In the lists below married women are indicated by words or MW, and I think W indicates a woman. Lists of voters below are given by province, starting with the province with the highest number found. And before each name is where that person was registered as a voter.

Ontario (63):

  • Brantford City, Ontario: Cavers, Mrs Ada (W), widow
  • Broadview, Ontario: Cavers, Charles, printer
  • Broadview, Ontario: Cavers, Mrs Charles (W), married woman
  • Broadview, Ontario: Cavers, Alfred, salesman
  • Broadview, Ontario: Cavers, Mrs Alfred (W), bookkeeper
  • Broadview, Ontario: Cavers, Harold, salesman
  • Bruce, Ontario: Cavers, Frank, farmer, Hepworth
  • Bruce, Ontario: Cavers, Mrs Frank (W), married woman, Hepworth
  • Eglinton (Toronto), Ontario: Cavers, Joseph, electrician
  • Eglinton (Toronto), Ontario: Cavers, Mrs Joseph (W), housewife
  • Grey North, Ontario: Cavers, John, farmer, Woodford
  • Grey North, Ontario: Cavers, Mrs John (W), married woman, Woodford
  • Grey North, Ontario: Cavers, Wm., farmer, Meaford
  • Grey North, Ontario: Cavers, Mrs Wm. (W), married woman, Meaford
  • High Park (Toronto), Ontario: Cavers, John L., inspector
  • High Park (Toronto), Ontario: Cavers, Mrs John L. (W), married woman
  • Lanark, Ontario: Cavers, Edgar, farmer, R.R. 4, Almonte
  • Lanark, Ontario: Cavers, Mrs Edgar (W), married woman, R.R. 4, Almonte
  • Lanark, Ontario: Cavers, James, agent, Perth
  • Lanark, Ontario: Cavers, Mrs James (W), married woman, Perth
  • Lanark, Ontario: Cavers, Stewart, electrician, Carleton Place
  • Lanark, Ontario: Cavers, Mrs Stewart (W), married woman, Carleton Place
  • Lanark, Ontario: Cavers, Mrs Alex. (W), widow, Carleton Place
  • Lanark, Ontario: Cavers, Mrs John (W), widow, Carleton Place
  • Lanark, Ontario: Cavers, Miss Lena (W), spinster, Carleton Place
  • Lanark, Ontario: Cavers, James, stenographer, Carleton Place
  • Lanark, Ontario: Cavers, Mrs James (W), married woman, Carleton Place
  • Lanark, Ontario: Cavers, Mrs William (W), housewife, Carleton Place
  • Lincoln, Ontario: Cavers, Blake, farmer, Wellandport
  • Lincoln, Ontario: Cavers, Mrs Blake (W), married woman, Wellandport
  • Lincoln, Ontario: Cavers, Wm, farmer, Wellandport
  • Lincoln, Ontario: Cavers, Elwood, farmer, Wellandport
  • Lincoln, Ontario: Cavers, Stanley, farmer, R.R. 2, Wellandport
  • Lincoln, Ontario: Cavers, Mrs Stanley (W), married woman, R.R. 2, Wellandport
  • Lincoln, Ontario: Cavers, John, merchant, St Ann’s
  • Lincoln, Ontario: Cavers, Mrs John (W), married woman, St Ann’s
  • Lincoln, Ontario: Cavers, Walter A., manager
  • Lincoln, Ontario: Cavers, Mrs Walter A. (W), housewife
  • Lincoln, Ontario: Cavers, Miss Adell E., spinster
  • Middlesex West, Ontario: Cavers, Adam, janitor, Strathroy
  • Middlesex West, Ontario: Cavers, Mrs Adam (W), married woman, Strathroy
  • Middlesex West, Ontario: Cavers, Robert, mechanic, Strathroy
  • Middlesex West, Ontario: Cavers, Mrs Robert (W), married woman, Strathroy
  • Nipissing, Ontario: Cavers, Herbert, chemist
  • Nipissing, Ontario: Cavers, Mrs Herbert (W), married woman
  • Prince Edward-Lennox, Ontario: Cavers, William, manager, Picton
  • Prince Edward-Lennox, Ontario: Cavers, Mrs William (W), married woman, Picton
  • Renfrew South, Ontario: Cavers, William, retired, R.R. 2, Arnprior
  • Renfrew South, Ontario: Cavers, Harry, farmer, R.R. 2, Arnprior
  • Renfrew South, Ontario: Cavers, Howard, farmer, R.R. 2, Arnprior
  • Renfrew South, Ontario: Cavers, Miss Robena (W), spinster, R.R. 2, Arnprior
  • Waterloo South, Ontario: Cavers, Robert, carpenter
  • Waterloo South, Ontario: Cavers, Mrs Robert (W), married woman
  • Waterloo South, Ontario: Cavers, Mrs James (W), widow
  • Wellington South, Ontario: Cavers, Mrs Mary (W), widow, Elora
  • Wentworth, Ontario: Cavers, James H., carpenter
  • Wentworth, Ontario: Cavers, Mrs James (W), married woman
  • Wentworth, Ontario: Cavers, James, retired
  • Wentworth, Ontario: Cavers, W. Douglas, drug clerk
  • York South, Ontario: Cavers, Walter, salesman
  • York South, Ontario: Cavers, Mrs Walter (W), married woman
  • York South, Ontario: Cavers, Sydney J., ironfitter
  • York South, Ontario: Cavers, Mrs Sydney J. (W), married woman

British Columbia (16):

  • Kamloops, British Columbia: Cavers, Mrs Edith Gladys (W), married woman
  • New Westminster, British Columbia: Cavers, Joseph Calvin, farmer, New McLellan Road
  • New Westminster, British Columbia: Cavers, Mrs Joseph Calvin (W). (MW), New McLellan Road
  • Skeena, British Columbia: Cavers, Thomas Willard, metallurgist, Anyox
  • Skeena, British Columbia: Cavers, Mrs Thomas W. (W), married woman, Anyox
  • Vancouver-Burrard, British Columbia: Cavers, Andrew, merchant
  • Vancouver-Burrard, British Columbia: Cavers, Mrs Andrew (W), married woman
  • Vancouver-Burrard, British Columbia: Cavers, Miss Fannie (W), spinster
  • Vancouver-Burrard, British Columbia: Cavers, Miss Mary (W), spinster
  • Vancouver South, British Columbia: Cavers, Thomas A., merchant
  • Vancouver South, British Columbia: Cavers, Mrs Thomas A. (W), married woman
  • Yale, British Columbia: Cavers, James Archibald, farmer, R.R. 3, Armstrong
  • Yale, British Columbia: Cavers, Mrs James Archibald (W), (MW), R.R. 3, Armstrong
  • Yale, British Columbia: Cavers, Walter, farmer, R.R. 3, Armstrong
  • Yale, British Columbia: Cavers, Walter, farmer, 503 Gore st., Vernon
  • Yale, British Columbia: Cavers, Mrs Walter (W), married woman, 503 Gore st., Vernon

Manitoba (16):

  • Lisgar, Manitoba: Cavers, James, farmer, Clearwater
  • Lisgar, Manitoba: Cavers, Douglas, farmer, Clearwater
  • Lisgar, Manitoba: Cavers. Ed. P., retired, Pilot Mound
  • Lisgar, Manitoba: Cavers, Mrs Ed. P. (W), married woman, Pilot Mound
  • Lisgar, Manitoba: Cavers, John P., farmer, Pilot Mound
  • Lisgar, Manitoba: Cavers, Mrs John P. (W), married woman, Pilot Mound
  • Lisgar, Manitoba: Cavers, William M., farmer, Clearwater
  • Souris, Manitoba: Cavers, Robert, assistant postmaster, Deloraine
  • Souris, Manitoba: Cavers, Mrs Robert (W), married woman, Deloraine
  • Souris, Manitoba: Cavers, Mrs James (W), widow, Deloraine
  • Springfield, Manitoba: Cavers, Lloyd, teacher, Pine Falls
  • Winnipeg South, Manitoba: Cavers, J., engineer
  • Winnipeg South, Manitoba: Cavers, Mrs J. (W), married woman
  • Winnipeg South, Manitoba: Cavers, Miss E.N. (W), student
  • Winnipeg South, Manitoba: Cavers, F.G., tel. employee
  • Winnipeg South Centre, Manitoba: Cavers, Miss Margaret (W), stenographer

Quebec (12):

  • Chateauguay-Huntingdon, Quebec: Cavers, James, farmer, R.R. 1, Ormstown
  • Chateauguay-Huntingdon, Quebec: Cavers, G. Allen, farmer, R.R. 1, Ormstown
  • Chateauguay-Huntingdon, Quebec: Cavers Mrs Geo. W. (W), widow, R.R. 1, Ormstown
  • Chateauguay-Huntingdon, Quebec: Cavers, Miss Sara J. (W), spinster, R.R. 1, Ormstown
  • Chateauguay-Huntingdon, Quebec: Cavers, Mrs Robert (W), widow, Ormstown
  • Chateauguay-Huntingdon, Quebec: Cavers, James W., gentleman, Ormstown
  • Chateauguay-Huntingdon, Quebec: Cavers, Mrs James (W), married woman, Ormstown
  • Brome-Missisquoi, Quebec: Cavers, J.P., farm manager, Philipsburg
  • Brome-Missisquoi, Quebec: Cavers, Mrs J.P. (W), married woman, Philipsburg
  • Brome-Missisquoi, Quebec: Cavers, Miss Ethel (W), spinster, Philipsburg
  • Verdun, Quebec: Cavers, Norman, shipper
  • Verdun, Quebec: Cavers, Mrs Norman (W), married woman

Saskatchewan (6):

  • Lake Centre, Saskatchewan: Cavers, James, bank manager, Pense
  • Lake Centre, Saskatchewan: Cavers, Mrs James (W), housewife, Pense
  • Regina City, Saskatchewan: Cavers, Abner R., merchant
  • Regina City, Saskatchewan: Cavers, Mrs Abner R. (W), housewife
  • Regina City, Saskatchewan: Cavers, Miss Annie (W), stenographer
  • Regina City, Saskatchewan: Cavers, Miss May (W), stenographer

Alberta (3):

  • Camrose, Alberta: Cavers, Robert James, storekeeper, Warden
  • Camrose, Alberta: Cavers, Mrs Robert J. (W), married woman, Warden
  • Medicine Hat, Alberta: Cavers, Leslie, farmer, Patricia