In Scotland detailed listings of population started with the 1841 census. Before then, in 1801, 1811, 1821 and 1831, there were simple head counts. Occasionally records from these head counts survive that mention individuals. This is very rare though. But one example that does is Jedburgh in Roxburghshire in 1831.
I’ve just bought the newly published transcript of the Jedburgh 1831 census listing. It lists heads of household, by street, including the head’s occupation, and numbers of males and females in their household. And it includes a Cavers: J. Cavers, postman at Canongate, Jedburgh. I think this must have been John Cavers (1799/1800-1865) husband of Margaret Cleghorn who was discussed in an earlier blog post.
This census return records that there was one male above 20 years in the household, which would be John himself, as well as two males under 20, presumably his sons John and George, the latter then a baby. There were 7 females in the household, which fits with his wife plus known daughters at the time (Mary, Elizabeth, Margaret, Jeanie, and Charlotte), as well as one female servant who the census records for the household.
Despite only recording partial detail the Jedburgh 1831 return is really interesting for providing a street-by-street listing of occupations, and some miscellaneous notes about servants etc. I look forward to studying it in more detail.