In Scotland detailed listings of population started with the 1841 census. Before then, in 1801, 1811, 1821 and 1831, there were simple head counts. Occasionally records from these head counts survive that mention individuals. This is very rare though. But one example that does is Jedburgh in Roxburghshire in 1831.
I’ve just bought the newly published transcript of the Jedburgh 1831 census listing. It lists heads of household, by street, including the head’s occupation, and numbers of males and females in their household. And it includes a Cavers: J. Cavers, postman at Canongate, Jedburgh. I think this must have been John Cavers (1799/1800-1865) husband of Margaret Cleghorn who was discussed in an earlier blog post.
This census return records that there was one male above 20 years in the household, which would be John himself, as well as two males under 20, presumably his sons John and George, the latter then a baby. There were 7 females in the household, which fits with his wife plus known daughters at the time (Mary, Elizabeth, Margaret, Jeanie, and Charlotte), as well as one female servant who the census records for the household.
Despite only recording partial detail the Jedburgh 1831 return is really interesting for providing a street-by-street listing of occupations, and some miscellaneous notes about servants etc. I look forward to studying it in more detail.
Quick on the heels of the last find I’ve just found another Cavers boy from South Shields who was ordered by the authorities to go onto the Wellesley Training Ship:
Shields Daily Gazette – Friday 29 August 1884
Henry Charlton Cavers and Florence Ann Swan, neglected children, whose cases have already been brought before the magistrates by the School Board authorities, were brought up this morning in remand. Cavers was committed to the Wellesley. Mr W. Graham, on behalf of the father of the girl Swan, said the parents were quite willing to take her home and to treat her properly. It was not true, as had been said, that Swan and his wife were of drunken and dissolute habits. Mrs Swan was called, and said she had done all she could to keep the child properly. The case was adjourned for four weeks, the child in the meantime to remain at home.
Checking the 1881 census suggests that the two Cavers boys sent to the ship were brothers, sons of widowed Mrs Catherine Cavers. I remember finding evidence of a court case concerning the birth of Henry.
I’ve newly subscribed to the British Newspaper Archive and have been trying some more Cavers searches. Here’s one thing I just found:
Shields Daily Gazette – Wednesday 30 November 1881
SOUTH SHIELDS POLICE COURT
THEFT OF SOAP
William Armstrong, John Lloyd, and John Cavers, each 12 years of age, were charged with having stolen a box containing twelve squares of soap, from the shop of Messrs Roberts and Co, grocers, King Street. Armstrong and Lloyd were each fined 2s 6d without costs, and Cavers was ordered to be sent to the Wellesley Training Ship until he is 16 years of age.
Also apologies for the delay with the planned in-depth post about early Canadian Cavers families. I’ve been undergoing gruelling chemotherapy treatments over past months, since early May, which on top of my severely disabling MS-like disease means a lot of plans have had to be put on hold.